Alcohol is one of the most abused substances in modern society. Most people drink alcohol to relieve stress or self-soothe. Alcohol has long-term effects. Taking excess alcohol increases the risk of addiction. This causes the addict to start experiencing physical and mental effects of alcohol abuse. At this stage, the addict is likely to experience withdrawal symptoms if he or she abruptly stops taking alcohol. Before getting treatment for addiction, the addict should accept having a problem.
Treatment of addiction is a long process that requires a lot of effort to be successful. One does not necessarily need to fight addiction alone. Help and support is offered at treatment facilities. The treatment offered is meant to make addicts abstain. Continuous treatment programs are offered through group therapy and life training. The addict should make a conscious decision to quit alcohol. The decision should be made by the addict, not a friend or family member. The addict can decide to conduct treatment personally or select a suitable treatment facility.
Treatment facilities offer detox programs, support therapy, and ongoing care. Patients are required to cease from taking alcohol as soon as the treatment program is over, for him or her to recover without relapse. Detoxification programs are divided into different phases. First, tolerance level is considered. At this stage, prescribed benzodiazepine is provided. The dosage is offered every 30 minutes until sedation is completely dealt with.
Alternatively, benzodiazepine is offered depending on history of addiction and withdrawal symptoms likely to be experienced. Treatment can also be deferred until the symptoms are noticed. This option is only suitable for people whose degree of addiction is low. Detox programs are effective in eliminating physical impacts of continuous consumption of alcohol. Occasionally, detox programs may not be necessary but this depends on an addict’s age, addiction history, and medical requirements.
Detox programs are followed by psycho or group therapy. These are effective in dealing with psychological effects of alcohol abuse. The patient is equipped with the skills to deal with trigger situations. Group-counseling is beneficial to the patients since they are taught how to control addiction. Organizations such as Smart Recovery and Alcoholics Anonymous have been developed to help addicts determine addiction problems and ways to stop.
Nutritional therapy is suitable for dealing with problems caused by heavy consumption of alcohol. Many alcoholic addicts have high glucose level in their bloodstream since insulin production is resisted. This may lead to mood swings and distorted emotions. The problem can be effectively dealt with by consumption of a hypoglycemic diet.
Some medication can be prescribed by doctors for treating alcohol addiction. They include Baclofen, Sodium oxybate, Acamprosate, Naltrexone, and Antabuse. Antabuse is effective in removing side-effects caused by acetaldehyde, a chemical substance resulting from the disintegration of ethanol in the body. Other medications are also essential in eliminating side-effects caused by alcohol addiction. Cravings for alcohol can be reduced by using opioid antagonists, for example, Naltroxene. Alcohol addicts can also moderate the amount of alcohol they consume. This will help them overcome family and financial problems.